Bypass Pumps for Dewatering

Bypass pipes will be sized to accommodate, at a minimum, twice the expected baseflow. The work area may need to be periodically pumped dry of seepage. Pumps will be placed in flat areas, well away from the stream channel, and secured by tying off to a tree or stake in place to prevent movement by vibration. Pumps shall be refueled in an area well away from the stream channel and fuel absorbent mats will be placed under the pumps while refueling. Pump intakes shall be covered with mesh per the requirements of NMFS Fish Screening Criteria to prevent potential entrainment of fish or amphibians that could not be removed from the area to be dewatered. The pump intake shall be checked periodically for impingement of fish or amphibians. If pumping is necessary to dewater the work site, procedures for pumped water shall include requiring a temporary siltation basin for treatment of all water prior to entering any waterway and not allowing oil or other greasy substances originating from operations to enter or be placed where they could enter a wetted channel. Screen openings shall not exceed 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) in the diagonal direction and approach velocities should not exceed 1ft/second. Velocities should be minimized by placing screens in slow water conditions either in a pool or in a constructed backwater area.